PVC 

Hydrocarbons Cuts as Viscosity Reducers

  • PVC Wallpaper

  • PVC Flooring

  • Fabric Coating (e.g. artificial leather)
  • Automotive Sealants & underbody coating

 

Hydrocarbon Diluents Used in PVC Pastes

Hydrocarbon cuts are generally used as viscosity depressants. The most common types are:

  • White Spirit: SPIRDANE D40, D60
  • Kerosene type such as KETRUL D80, D100
  • Extra low aromatics diesels cuts: FLUID D120, FLUID D135
  • Low VOC diesel cuts: HYDROSEAL G290H, G340H

Note: Depending of the country or the target market, the product manufacturer has to
evaluate the VOC emission in its finished products, and NOT in the components.

    Effect of Viscosity Depressants

    Viscosity of a PLASTISOL (PVC paste) Changes:

    • With storage time
    • With sheer force

    Choice of Viscosity Depressant depends on:

    • Required viscosity reduction
    • Volatility requirements
    • Odor
    • Purity requirements (food contact)

    PVC RESIN

    75 PARTS

    PVC EXTENDER RESIN

    25 PARTS

    PLASTICIZER

    40 TO 80 PARTS

    FILLER

    0 TO 100 PARTS

    STABILIZER

    2,5 PARTS

    VISCOSITY

    DEPRESSANT

    0 TO 10 PARTS

    Typical values | FLUID D 

    PROPERTIES UNITS METHODS FLUID D 115     FLUID D 120     FLUID D 135     FLUID D 170    
    DENSITY AT 15°C (59°F) kg/m3  (Lb/gal) ISO 12185 827 (6,90) 826 (6,89) 830 (6,92) 840 (7,01)
    API GRAVITY AT 15°C (59°F) °API Calculated 39     40     39     37    
    SAYBOLT COLOR Unit color Saybolt ASTM D156 +30     +30     +30     +30    
    BOILING RANGE : - INITIAL POINT °C (°F)
     
    ASTM D86
     
    249 (480) 256 (493) 268 (514) 316 (601)
    BOILING RANGE : - FINALPOINT °C (°F) ASTM D86 282 (540) 300 (572) 310 (590) 373 (703)
    FLASH POINT °C (°F) ASTM D93 108 (226) 121 (250) 132 (270) 164 (327)
    AROMATIC CONTENT mg/kg (ppm) UV Internal method <100     <100     <150     <200    
    BENZENE CONTENT mg/kg (ppm) ASTM D6229 <1     <1     <1     <1    
    SULFUR CONTENT mg/kg (ppm) ASTM D5453 <1     <1     <1     <1    
    ANILINE POINT °C (°F) ASTM D611 82 (180) 86 (187) 88 (190) 95 (203)
    KAURI BUTANOL KB Unit Calculated 26,8     25,1     24,2     21,2    
    VAPOR PRESSURE AT 20°C (68°F) kPa Calculated <0,0001     <0,0001     <0,0001     <0,0001    
    VISCOSITY : AT 20°C (68°F) mm²/s
     
    ASTM D445
     
      6,0     7,4      
    VISCOSITY :  AT 40°C (104°F) mm²/s
     
    ASTM D445
     
    3,0     3,6     4,3     8,1    
          VISCOSITY SUS AT 40°C (104°F) SSU Calculated        
    POUR POINT °C (°F) ASTM D97 0 (32) -21 -(6) -12 (10) 3 (37)

     

    CARBON CHAIN LENGTH HSPA* defined in the framework of REACh*         C14 - C18     C15 - C20     C15 - C20      
    C.A.S. NUMBER         64742-46-7 (R)     64742-46-7 (R)     64742-46-7 (R)     64742-55-8    
    EC (European Community) NUMBER           934-956-3     934-956-3     265-158-7    

     

        Data provided in this table is issued in good faith to the best of our knowledge but no warranty is expressed or implied.                                    
        *HSPA : Hydrocarbon Solvents Producers Association                                    
        *REACh : Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006                                     
        *R: Related C.A.S. number                                    
                                         

    Typical values | KETRUL    

      Dearomatized products
    PROPERTIES UNITS METHODS KETRUL D 75 US     KETRUL D 75 HN     KETRUL D 80 L     KETRUL D 90     KETRUL D 95     KETRUL D 100    
    DENSITY AT 15°C (59°F) kg/m3  (Lb/gal) ISO 12185 813 (6,78) 812 (6,77) 810 (6,76) 820 (6,84) 822 (6,86) 821 (6,85)
    API GRAVITY AT 15°C (59°F) °API Calculated 42     43     43     41 40     41    
    SAYBOLT COLOR Unit color Saybolt ASTM D156 +30     +30     +30     +30     +30     +30    
    BOILING RANGE : - INITIAL POINT °C (°F)
     
    ASTM D86
     
    204 (399) 204 (399) 206 (403) 225 (437) 228 (442) 235 (455)
    BOILING RANGE : - FINALPOINT °C (°F)
     
    ASTM D86
     
    267 (513) 283 (541) 240 (464) 245 (473) 284 (543) 265 (509)
    FLASH POINT °C (°F) ASTM D93 80 (176) 86 (187) 80 (176) 90 (194) 99 (210) 105 (221)
    AROMATIC CONTENT mg/kg (ppm) UV Internal method <100     <100     <100     <100     <100     <100    
    BENZENE CONTENT mg/kg (ppm) ASTM D6229 <1     <1     <1     <1     <1     <1    
    SULFUR CONTENT mg/kg (ppm) ASTM D5453 <1     <1     <1     <1     <1     <1    
    ANILINE POINT °C (°F) ASTM D611 74 (165) 0 (32) 72 (162) 0 (32) 79 (174) 79 (174)
    KAURI BUTANOL KB Unit Calculated 30,2     62,1     31,1     62,1     28,1     28,1    
    VAPOR PRESSURE AT 20°C (68°F) kPa Calculated 0,013     0,004     0,015     0,007     0,002     0,002    
    VISCOSITY : AT 20°C (68°F) mm²/s
     
    ASTM D445
     
    2,4       2,4       4,0     3,7    
    VISCOSITY : AT 40°C (104°F) mm²/s
     
    ASTM D445
     
    1,7     2,1     1,7     1,85     2,48     2,4    
    VISCOSITY SUS AT 40°C (104°F) SSU Calculated            
    POUR POINT °C (°F) ASTM D97 -50 -(58) 0 (32) -52 -(62) 0 (32) -39 -(38) -40 -(40)

     

    CARBON CHAIN LENGTH HSPA* defined in the framework of REACh*         C11 - C14     C11 - C14     C13 - C23     C13 - C16     C11 - C14     C13 - C23    
    C.A.S. NUMBER         64742-47-8 (R)     64742-47-8 (R)     64742-46-7 (R)     64742-46-7 (R)     64742-47-8 (R)     64742-46-7 (R)    
    EC (European Community) NUMBER         926-141-6       923-078-5       926-141-6     923-078-5    

     

    Data provided in this table is issued in good faith to the best of our knowledge but no warranty is expressed or implied.                                            
    *HSPA : Hydrocarbon Solvents Producers Association                                            
    *REACh : Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006                                             
    *R: Related C.A.S. number                

    Typical values | SPIRDANE                                   

    PROPERTIES UNITS    METHODS SPIRDANE D 15-VM&P    SPIRDANE D 40   SPIRDANE D 60   SPIRDANE D 60 HL    
    DENSITY AT 15°C (59°F) kg/m3  (Lb/gal) ISO 12185 775 (6,47) 782 (6,52) 795 (6,63) 808 (6,74)
    API GRAVITY AT 15°C (59°F) °API Calculated 51     49     46     43    
    SAYBOLT COLOR Unit color Saybolt ASTM D156 +30     +30     +30     +30    
    BOILING RANGE : - INITIAL POINT °C (°F)
     
    ASTM D86
     
    128 (262) 159 (318) 183 (361) 199 (390)
    BOILING RANGE : - FINALPOINT °C (°F)
     
    ASTM D86
     
    167 (333) 205 (401) 220 (428) 241 (466)
    FLASH POINT : - PM °C (°F)
     
    ASTM D93   44 (111) 66 (151) 75 (167)
    FLASH POINT : - ABEL °C (°F)
     
    ISO 13736 16 (61)      
    AROMATIC CONTENT mg/kg (ppm) UV Internal method <100     <100     <100     <100    
    BENZENE CONTENT mg/kg (ppm) ASTM D6229 <1     <1     <1     <1    
    SULFUR CONTENT mg/kg (ppm) ASTM D5453 <1     <1     <1     <1    
    ANILINE POINT °C (°F) ASTM D611 63 (145) 66 (151) 69 (156) 69 (156)
    KAURI BUTANOL KB Unit Calculated 35,0     33,7     32,4     32,4    
    VAPOR PRESSURE AT 20°C (68°F) kPa Calculated 0,288     0,167     0,041     0,02    
    VISCOSITY : AT 20°C (68°F) mm²/s
     
    ASTM D445
     
    0,8     1,3     1,6     2,1    
    VISCOSITY : AT 40°C (104°F) mm²/s
     
    ASTM D445
     
    0,4     1,0     1,3     1,4    
    VISCOSITY SUS AT 40°C (104°F) SSU Calculated        
    POUR POINT °C (°F) ASTM D97 -70 -(94) -70 -(94) -66 -(87) <-60 <-76
    REFRACTIVE INDEX AT 20°C (68°F) - ASTM D1218 1,4295     1,4312     1,4379      

     

    CARBON CHAIN LENGTH HSPA* defined in the framework of REACh*           C9 - C11     C10 - C13      
    C.A.S. NUMBER         64742-48-9     64742-48-9 (R)     64742-48-9 (R)      
    EC (European Community) NUMBER           919-857-5     918-481-9      

     

    Data provided in this table is issued in good faith to the best of our knowledge but no warranty is expressed or implied.                    
    *HSPA : Hydrocarbon Solvents Producers Association                    
    *REACh : Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006                     
    *R: Related C.A.S. number