EFC CRYSTAL

Turning to eco-grade materials

With the growing need for alternative sources of energy, shale gas has gained significant importance over the last few years. However, the use of millions of gallons of fluids in hydraulic fracturing has increasingly raised concerns with regard to waste water management as well as ground water pollution. Specialists in the development of ultra pure hydrocarbons, Total has developed a comprehensive range of products dedicated to the formulation of hydraulic fracturing fluids. This is an ideal carrying agent for viscosifiers (such as guar, CMC and PAM), cross-linkers, buffers and so forth.

Additives with Ultra Low BTEX and PAH Levels

EFC Crystal technical specifications give formulators a wide range of grades to fine-tune the composition of fracturing fluids; low Pour point ensures product performance in even the most extreme temperature (eg. activity in Canada), high flashpoint facilitates safety in material handling and transport, whilst a variety of viscosity options enables control of fluid rheology.

fracking.jpg

EFC Crystal Fluids enable the formulation of fracturation products which exceed the USA EPA regulations.

Indicative Values:

 

 

Ultra low BTEX

PROPERTIES

UNITS

METHODS

EFC CRYSTAL 180

EFC CRYSTAL 200

EFC CRYSTAL 210

EFC CRYSTAL 230

EFC CRYSTAL 250

DENSITY AT 15°C (59°F)

kg/m3

ISO 12185

801

814

822

823

828

SAYBOLT COLOR

Saybolt color unit

ASTM D156

+30

+30

+30

+30

+30

BOILING RANGE:  - INITIAL POINT °C (°F) ASTM D86

187 (369)

200 (392)

228 (442)

235 (455)

259 (498)

BOILING RANGE: - FINAL POINT    

218 (424)

268 (514)

288 (550)

265 (509)

301 (574)

FLASH POINT: - PM

°C (°F)

ASTM D93

67 (153)

78 (172)

100 (212)

105 (221)

122 (252)

POUR POINT

°C (°F)

ASTM D97

<-60 (<-76)

-50 (-58)

-39 (-38)

-33 (-27)

-27 (-16)

VISCOSITY: - AT 20°C (68°F)

mm²/s

ASTM D 445

1.7

2.4

4

3.8

6
VISCOSITY: - AT 40°C (104°F) mm²/s ASTM D 445

1.4

1.8

2.6

2.4

3.6

ANILINE POINT

°C (°F)

ASTM D611

69 (156)

73 (163)

79 (174)

78 (172)

85 (185)

VAPEUR PRESSURE: - AT 20°C (68°F)

hPa

Calculated

0.48

0.13

0.02

0.02

0.004

BTEX CONTENT

% Vol

IP 391

Non detected

Non detected

Non detected

Non detected

Non detected

SULPHUR CONTENT

PPM

ASTM D 5453

<1

<1

<1

<1

<1

 

TOXICITY

SKIN IRRITATION

-

OECD 404

Not irritant

EYES IRRITATION

-

OECD 405

Not irritant

 

CARBON CHAIN LENGTH HSPA

C10 - C13

C11 - C14

C13 - C23

C13 - C16

C15 - C20

C.A.S. NUMBER

64742-48-9 (R)

64742-47-8 (R)

64742-46-7 (R)

64742-46-7 (R)

64742-46-7 (R)

 

Data provided in this table is issued in good faith to the best of our knowledge, but no warranty, expressed or implied is given.

*R: Related C.A.S. number.